My research is intended to develop a database of resident experience from which the normal trajectory of skill development can be determined. This dataset will inform milestones that residents should achieve and benchmarks that they must meet prior to entering independent practice. In Ophthalmology, we have 36 months to train residents to independence. As educators we are responsible to the public for the product that we produce. Benchmarks should be “hard stops” in the training program and trigger educational intervention, extension of training or dismissal if not achieved. Only by assuring every resident is achieving the same level of proficiency, regardless of program, can assure that all the physicians that we train are clinically and surgically competent upon graduation from the residency program.