About This Project

We humans have always used our surroundings to extend our memory. But is the technology of today enhancing human memory, or replacing it? We plan to gather survey data and run internet-based psychology experiments to find out: How are people currently using technology for memory purposes? How well do people understand the technology and their reliance on it? Are there ways to improve the interplay between technology and human memory?

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What is the context of this research?

There has been a fair amount of psychological research on how people can use mnemonics (memory strategies) to improve their memory. However, very little research has been done on the effects of external memory aids (everything from shopping lists to smartphones), even though humans have been using tools to extend their memories since the time of the earliest cave paintings.

What is the significance of this project?

In today’s age of global information technology, we have the ability to look up whatever information we need, whenever we need it. Smartphones, tablets, notebook computers, Google glasses, and whatever else comes next: we are eager to adopt new technology without truly understanding how such cognitive enhancements may interact with our biological memory. We aim to begin exploring how technological tools affect human memory and wellbeing.

What are the goals of the project?

We plan to use surveys and experiments to find out:

  • How are people currently using technology to aid memory in everyday life?
  • What are the trade-offs between human memory and external memory aids, and how well do people understand the relative strengths and weaknesses?
  • Are there ways to improve the interplay between technology and human memory?


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We will be using every single dollar of funding for payment of human participants. We will use Amazon's Mechanical Turk service to recruit and pay people for participating in the surveys and experiments we will design. All surveys and experiments will be conducted over the internet, so we will avoid overhead costs typically associated with conducting psychology research in a physical laboratory.


  • $30 donation: We will send you an autographed personalized copy of the first publication to result from this research.
  • $100 donation: We will thank you by name (if you wish) in the acknowledgements section of the first publication to result from this research, as well as sending you an autographed personalized copy.

Endorsed by

This project is the brainchild of two expert scientists and the who ask innovative, pioneering questions about the interaction of brains and technology. Every cent will be well spent.
Jason and Farah are stupendous colleagues of mine! Great thinkers and doers. I've personally contributed to their fund, and hope you choose to do so, too! Contact me @poojaagarwal if you have any questions about their work.

Meet the Team

Jason R. Finley
Jason R. Finley
Assistant Professor of Psychology


Fontbonne University
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Farah Naaz
Farah Naaz

Team Bio

Jason - I have always been motivated by a sense of wonder, exploration, and discovery. I grew up fascinated with dinosaurs--not for their ferocity--but for the mystery of their disappearance. As an undergraduate at UCLA I became captivated by the notion that intuitions about our own minds are often incorrect, and that we can use science to improve our self-knowledge. That is when I started my pursuit of cognitive science.

Farah - I was born and raised in a small town by the river Ganges in India. As a child I used to dream of becoming a scientist, working in solitude trying to solve great mysteries of the world. It is during my graduate work at CBCS, India that I realized the enormity and complexity of scientific research.

Currently, we are both working at Washington University as Postdoctoral Research Associates. Our mutual interest in memory brought us together to explore this question of how technology and the human mind shape each other.

Jason R. Finley

I am interested in how technology and the human mind shape each other. The way I see it, human beings have two defining qualities: the ability to reflect on and direct our own thinking (metacognition), and the propensity to craft our environment to augment our thinking (offloading). My research interests concern the limitations of human cognition, particularly learning and memory, and how those can be overcome by improving metacognition and/or by offloading aspects of cognition onto the environment. I am highly skilled at research design, statistical analysis, and programming.

Additional Information

Nestojko, J. F., Finley, J. R., & Roediger, H. L. (2013). Extending cognition to external agents. Psychological Inquiry, 24(4), 321-325.
Schönpflug, W. (1986). The trade-off between internal and external information storage. Journal of Memory and Language, 25, 657–675.

Crump, M.J.C., McDonnell, J.V., Gureckis, T.M. (2013). Evaluating Amazon’s Mechanical Turk as a Tool for Experimental Behavioral Research. PLoS ONE 8(3).

Project Backers

  • 55Backers
  • 107%Funded
  • $2,143Total Donations
  • $38.96Average Donation
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