About This Project
Muslim healthcare providers constitute a growing, diverse and underrepresented population in the U.S. Culturally inclusive dress policies in the workplace are not standard. This study explores how healthcare leaders and partners perceive Muslim healthcare providers, including those who wear hijab. The data will provide information that can help initiate changes in organizations to provide an environment that enables Muslim healthcare providers to feel comfortable providing optimum healthcare.
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What is the context of this research?
Since the 9/11 attacks the U.S. culture has directed greater negativity towards Muslims. The Paris attacks in 2015 have increased anti-Muslim negativity. The range of subtle intolerance to severe discrimination is currently affecting Muslim healthcare providers in the workplace. Muslim healthcare providers already struggle on a daily basis to incorporate religious practices into the work environment and additional anti-Muslim behavior from healthcare leaders and colleagues can lead to burnout, feelings of exhaustion, feelings of exclusion, and potential departure from the nursing profession.
What is the significance of this project?
For healthcare professionals to embrace diversity, healthcare leaders must be aware of how attitudes and behaviors, including discrimination, affect Muslim healthcare providers in the U.S. This study will explore the attitudes and beliefs of healthcare leaders' regarding Muslim healthcare providers, including those who choose to cover their head and neck (hijabi). From our findings we will provide insight into how to develop interventions toward ensuring healthcare workplace policies and procedures are inclusive and respectful of Muslim populations. Further, our results may inform education, healthcare practices, and organizations about the need to implement effective organizational policies to accommodate Muslims, as well as various other culturally diverse populations.
What are the goals of the project?
The current project is Phase I of a research study and involves developing a survey instrument to canvas healthcare leaders' attitudes, beliefs, and knowledge of cultural and clinical considerations when working with Muslim healthcare providers. Survey pilot testing, including the use of content experts, will be conducted to ensure reliability and validity; thereby resulting in a revised survey instrument for future use in Phase II of the research study. The research study's specific aims are (1) to understand how healthcare leaders perceive their Muslim peers and (2) use this knowledge to develop culturally inclusive environments in the workplace with the overall goal of increasing cultural awareness to better recruit and retain diverse populations within healthcare professions.
The financial resources ($4000) required for instrument development will be directed towards materials and supplies necessary to develop and implement a survey tool for use in the described research study. In addition, funding will be required to cover costs related to instrument development and survey distribution/mailing list(s) and travel expenses to healthcare and educational sites involved in the study. Further, funding to hire a student research assistant is imperative to support undergraduate faculty-student collaboration.
Meet the Team
Amanda F. Hopkins
Amanda F. Hopkins earned a B.S.N. in 1999 from the University of Illinois at Chicago where she later received her M.S. (2005) and Ph.D. (2010).
Prior to joining the faculty at Illinois Wesleyan University in 2013, Dr. Hopkins held the titles of teaching assistant, teaching associate and clinical instructor for a number of undergraduate and graduate courses at the University of Illinois at Chicago, College of Nursing, Urbana Regional Program.
As a nurse researcher and advocate for vulnerable populations, Dr. Hopkins has pursued her passion for family systems supporting children with chronic conditions and addressing health disparities of culturally diverse families. Her publications and professional presentations make her a leader in addressing healthcare needs of underrepresented and disenfranchised groups. Issues of diversity and inclusion are foundational to Dr. Hopkins' community engagement.
Dr. Hopkins is a member of American Nurses Association - Illinois, Sigma Theta Tau International, Midwest Nursing Research Society, and the International Family Nursing Association. She has received several accolades for her excellence in teaching and leadership including Illinois Board of Higher Education Nurse Educator Fellowship (2014) and American Nurses Association 40 Under 40 Emerging Nurse Leaders (2015).
This research by Dr. Amanda Hopkins is a project associated with the Nursing School of Illinois Wesleyan University (Federal Tax ID 37-0662594), an Illinois nonprofit corporation with federal tax exempt status under Section 501 (c)(3). All donations are tax deductible to the fullest extent of the law. 100% of your donation for this project supports research activities.
Note: gifts made through Experiment.com will not be reflected in your Illinois Wesleyan University giving history and will be listed as an anonymous gift in Illinois Wesleyan University’s record system.
Sana Shafiuddin is a third-year nursing student at Illinois Wesleyan University. One of her passions includes advocating for culturally sensitive healthcare practice. As the opportunities present, Sana strives to learn about as many cultural backgrounds as she can. She is multilingual, is working on obtaining a Hispanic studies and health double minor, studied abroad, received an internship in Hong Kong, and has a significant experience working with the psychiatric population. Her goal in researching diverse populations is to provide quality patient care for patients of varying cultural backgrounds.
Over the last two years, Sana has consistently been involved in student-faculty research collaboration at Illinois Wesleyan University with efforts including exploration of avenues to advance hospital policy to include the growing diversity among healthcare professionals. Her current research focuses on healthcare leaders' perceptions towards Muslim healthcare providers with efforts of advancing hospital policies and procedures for Muslims who wear the hijab. Sana has conducted a thorough research literature review entitled Discrimination in Nursing in a Post 9/11 Society revealing limited publications regarding this topic.
Sana will present alongside Dr. Amanda Hopkins at the upcoming Midwest Nursing Research Society annual conference. In addition Dr. Hopkins' research team is awaiting decision from the Sigma Theta Tau International Nursing Research Congress conference in South Africa regarding submission of a peer-reviewed research abstract for oral presentation derived from Sana's literature review.
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