Susanne Jul

Susanne Jul

Los Altos CA

Creative Crisis Leadership

Senior Researcher

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Published on Feb 28, 2018

Toward a basic research question

“The leaders who excel under relatively novel and therefore more difficult conditions are not necessarily those who excel under those which are more routine, or better known, and therefore more fav...

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Published on Feb 07, 2018

5 sources of leader influence/power/authority

One of the key points that came from defining a leader as someone who ensures that certain social process are working was that,“[A leader doesn’t] have to direct leadership processes personally, bu...

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Published on Jan 23, 2018

What is "leadership"?

Before I talk about leadership at the Live Oak shelter, I want to lay out a general framework for talking about leadership.There is a seemingly infinite number of definitions, theories and models o...

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Published on Nov 15, 2017

Distractions, distractions

Distractions. We all have them. Fortunately, the ones I’ve had in the past few weeks have been productive. They’ve kept me from systematic data analysis, but have allowed me to incorporate some of ...

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Published on Nov 07, 2017

Reply to George Furnas' question, "how much can be learned from historical situations where disasters became 'routine'?"

[It appears that replies and comments have a character limit, and don't support multiple paragraphs. This lab note is a reply to a comment on a previous note.]George Furnas commented on the Lab Not...

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Published on Nov 04, 2017

Behavioral responses, mental conflicts, motivating factors

You may have noted that my posts have been light on citations. This has not been for lack of searching or of reading, but rather because I have found disappointingly few references that seems direc...

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That is a very insightful observation! In my mind, I had lumped such benefits under “rewards.” There is definitely value in understanding different types of benefits/rewards/punishments/resources a leader might control. But, … For my purposes, the more important point you raise is separating control from source. The key attribute of Position is that authority is conferred by a third party. The leader has the backing and access to resources of that third party. However, someone could have independent control of resources, and rely on that as a source of leader authority. This could be a resource that is critical to the group’s success—“We can use my Dad’s barn!” Or, it could be vital to individual success—“I have water. If you want some, you’ll have to follow my rules.” There you have it. A sixth source of leader authority! One that may well be in play in many cases of spontaneous leadership, where we assume a lack of positional leaders. Either through absence of a third party or the abdication of its appointed leaders. In this case, the leader might have direct control of the resource ("my water"), or they might rely on personal influence with someone who has direct control ("Dad").
Feb 08, 2018
What personal qualities and situational factors enable someone rise to leadership in disaster?
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Yes, it comes in fits and starts!
Nov 29, 2017
What personal qualities and situational factors enable someone rise to leadership in disaster?
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It's hopeless. It's stripping out line breaks. I'll try some other routes.
Nov 07, 2017
What personal qualities and situational factors enable someone rise to leadership in disaster?
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Good question! The time dimension is important in much disaster research. Events are distinguished by how much advance warning there is (probability of occurrence combined with an actual event), how quickly damage occurs, and how long the damaging forces continue. In Barton’s words: "Changes coming without warning are likely to create greater loss, and leave the social system with less capacity to respond to the loss. If the change is gradual or predictable in advance, specific preparations to prevent or respond to the damage are much more likely to be made. If the impact is long-continued or recurring, as in a lasting depression, drought or the wartime bombings, long-range social adaptations can be worked out, either to minimize losses, to restore the system's functioning on another basis, or to lower the members aspirations to match the system's lower capacity to meet their needs. The disaster studies of the last twenty years fall into two main clusters. One consists of disasters to small communities or to small segments of cities, coming without much warning and meeting little institutional preparation. These are the tornadoes, accidental explosions, flash floods, and the like. The other cluster consists of the studies of the effects of World War II bombing raids— a recurring impact with a relatively high degree of institutional preparation, covering most of the cities of whole countries. If we go back to the 1930's we find large-scale economic stress on a similar national scale; a number of careful case studies of communities and regions in the grip of the depression were made, as well as studies of family groups under depression stress."
Nov 07, 2017
What personal qualities and situational factors enable someone rise to leadership in disaster?
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Good question! The time dimension is important in much disaster research. Events are distinguished by how much advance warning there is (probability of occurrence combined with an actual event), how quickly damage occurs, and how long the damaging forces continue. In Barton’s words: "Changes coming without warning are likely to create greater loss, and leave the social system with less capacity to respond to the loss. If the change is gradual or predictable in advance, specific preparations to prevent or respond to the damage are much more likely to be made. If the impact is long-continued or recurring, as in a lasting depression, drought or the wartime bombings, long-range social adaptations can be worked out, either to minimize losses, to restore the system's functioning on another basis, or to lower the members aspirations to match the system's lower capacity to meet their needs. The disaster studies of the last twenty years fall into two main clusters. One consists of disasters to small communities or to small segments of cities, coming without much warning and meeting little institutional preparation. These are the tornadoes, accidental explosions, flash floods, and the like. The other cluster consists of the studies of the effects of World War II bombing raids— a recurring impact with a relatively high degree of institutional preparation, covering most of the cities of whole countries. If we go back to the 1930's we find large-scale economic stress on a similar national scale; a number of careful case studies of communities and regions in the grip of the depression were made, as well as studies of family groups under depression stress."
Nov 07, 2017
What personal qualities and situational factors enable someone rise to leadership in disaster?
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I suspect that this trend for research to focus on the distinguishing time dimension has diminished, but may still be discernible. That is, research on events with advance warning has focused on warning systems and reactions to warnings, research on sudden-onset events has focused on response behaviors, and research on ongoing or recurring events has focused on long-term adaptations. But that is my biased perception, not based on any systematic analysis. That said, the context of bombing outside the main target areas in WWII is analogous to hurricanes in the Gulf of Mexico or earthquakes on the Pacific Rim: high probability of an event overall, but low for any given community. There might well be historical studies from other countries that fit that profile. -------- Disaster Research Group. Field studies of disaster behavior: an inventory. Disaster Study Number 14. Washington: National Academy of Sciences — National Research Council, 1961.
Nov 07, 2017
What personal qualities and situational factors enable someone rise to leadership in disaster?
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I think there is a secret character limit on reply and comment length, so I will try breaking my response into several replies. :-)
Nov 07, 2017
What personal qualities and situational factors enable someone rise to leadership in disaster?
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I'm having technical issues posting my reply. Stand by...
Nov 07, 2017
What personal qualities and situational factors enable someone rise to leadership in disaster?
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Talk til jer begge to!
Oct 17, 2017
What personal qualities and situational factors enable someone rise to leadership in disaster?
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I hope it will give them the power to help themselves!
Oct 12, 2017
What personal qualities and situational factors enable someone rise to leadership in disaster?
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That's easy: I just channel all the wonderful people who are supporting this project!
Oct 11, 2017
What personal qualities and situational factors enable someone rise to leadership in disaster?
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yes, I've finally acknowledged that that tends be my value-add, and am learning to provide opportunities for others to contribute theirs.
Oct 09, 2017
What personal qualities and situational factors enable someone rise to leadership in disaster?
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